A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential by Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen, Jared Douglas Rhoton

By Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen, Jared Douglas Rhoton

A transparent Differentiation of the 3 Codes provides the 1st English translation of the sDom gsum rab dbye, the most recognized and debatable doctrinal treatises of Tibetan Buddhism. Written via Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen (1182–1251), a founding father of the Sakya university and one in every of Tibet’s such a lot realized sages, the 3 Codes strongly encouraged next non secular and highbrow traditions in Tibet—and sparked a few long-lasting doctrinal and philosophical disputes, a few of which persist at the present time. within the 3 Codes, Sakya Pandita discusses the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Tantric vows of Buddhist behavior, which frequently diverge and contradict one another. He criticizes, on not less than one element or one other, later practitioners of just about each lineage, together with the Kadampa, Kagyupa, and Nyingmapa, for contradicting the unique teachings in their personal traditions.

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Extra resources for A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential Differentiations Among the Individual Liberation, Great Vehicle, and Tantric Systems

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It may well have been the Introduction 17 abbot of Radreng, the Kadampa mother monastery, who recommended Sapan to the raiding Mqngols as the foremost Tibetan religious teacher of the day. 49 The Mongols eventually found it convenient to administer Tibet through a government that included both secular (military/political) and eccleciastic elements. It became established policy, especially two decades later, after the time of Qubilai and Sapan's nephew Phakpa, to favor the Sakyapa {Sapan's successors) with patronage and military backing.

On Sapan's Entmnce Gate for the Wise (mKhas Jug), see D. Jackson (1987), which includes a translation of the work's third chapter. On the bstan rim ("stages of the doctrine") genre, see D. Jackson (1996). Gorampa, DSNSh, pp. 3. Fifth Dalai Lama (1967), p. 57· See also Tucci (1949), p. 626, who translates this episode from the Fifth Dalai Lama's history (1981, fols. 55b-56a) and gives further references on p. 38. Shakabpa (1967), p. 64ff. See Petech (1990), p. 6 and n+ Petech (1990 ), p. 8. Petech (1990), p.

See D. Jackson (1996). 26. Sakyasribhadra was the last of the great Indian masters to minister to the religious needs of the Tibetans. Chief abbot of the famed monastic university VikramaS'ila at the time of its destruction by the Moslem armies of Baktyar Khilji, he had also witnessed the sack of a second key center of Buddhist learning at Odantapiiri. 1gha5ri, Sugatasri, and others-and taught extensively in Tsang and D until his departure for Kashmir in 1214. Sapan met SakyaS'ribhadra during the last half of 1204, when he himself was twenty-two or twenty-three years old.

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