A History of Science in Society: From Philosophy to Utility by Andrew Ede, Lesley B. Cormack

By Andrew Ede, Lesley B. Cormack

A historical past of technological know-how in Society is a concise assessment that introduces complicated principles in a non-technical style. Andrew Ede and Lesley B. Cormack hint the heritage of technology via its constantly altering position in society and discover the hyperlink among the pursuit of data and the will to make that wisdom useful.

In this version, the authors study the strong highbrow alternate among East and West and supply new discussions of 2 ladies in technological know-how: Maria Merian and Maria Winkelmann. A bankruptcy at the courting among technology and warfare has been additional in addition to a piece on weather switch. The additional readings part has been up to date to mirror fresh contributions to the sphere. different new positive aspects comprise timelines on the finish of every bankruptcy, 70 upgraded illustrations, and new maps of Renaissance Europe, Captain James Cook's voyages, the 2d voyage of the Beagle, and the most battle entrance in the course of international warfare I.

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Review
A background of technological know-how in Society is a very good book.... trained by means of fresh scholarship at the significance of social structures within the improvement of medical rules, Ede and Cormack's specialize in how usual philosophers and scientists more and more strove to make common wisdom precious retains the narrative concentrated and engaging. effortless to appreciate diagrams and a considerate use of illustrations and different aiding fabrics will tremendously improve pupil mastery of adverse innovations. This booklet is obviously written by way of students who know the way not easy it really is to coach the historical past of technological know-how, and their fantastically written, thorough, and fascinating booklet could be a welcome boost to many scholars' and students' bookshelves. (Deborah E. Harkness, collage of Southern California)

About the Author

Lesley B. Cormack is Dean of Arts on the college of Alberta and the writer of Charting an Empire: Geography on the English Universities, 1580-1620 and co-editor with Andrew Ede of A heritage of technological know-how in Society: A Reader.

Andrew Ede is affiliate Professor of heritage on the college of Alberta and the writer of The upward push and Decline of Colloid technological know-how in North the United States, 1900-1935: The missed Dimension and The Chemical point: A old Perspective.

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Extra info for A History of Science in Society: From Philosophy to Utility (2nd Edition)

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At least four general groups of medical philosophy have been identified by historians at the time Galen began to practise medicine: the rationalist, empiricist, methodist, and pneumatist. Even within those groups there was no united form of practice. Each school and each doctor who took on apprentices taught a different version of medical theory. Further, each doctor was also his own salesman seeking clients and patrons, often literally in the marketplace. Because of this competition for clients, a doctor had to be able to persuade potential clients that his brand of 39 40 A History of Science in Society medicine was the best, so medical education also included training in philosophy, rhetoric, and disputation.

This not only gave the mathematical proofs reliability but also influenced the method of presenting mathematical and philosophical ideas to the present day. These proofs were based on a set of axioms such as the statement that parallel lines cannot intersect or that the four angles created by the intersection of two lines are two pairs of equal angles and always equal 360° in total. The second factor was the scope of the work. By bringing together the foundation of all mathematics known to the Greeks, the Elements was a valuable resource for scholars and became an important educational text.

In doing so, he created a map projection that has never been completely superseded and that was of immense importance to later European exploration and contact with other parts of the world. Ptolemy’s mathematical geography contrasts with the earlier descriptive geography of Greek scholars such as Strabo (c. 63–c. 21 CE ). Strabo wrote an eightvolume geography, De situ orbis, around 7 BCE , in which he set out to describe every detail of the known world, based both on his own extensive travels and on the accounts he gathered from other travellers.

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