Absentee and Early Voting by John C. Fortier

By John C. Fortier

American citizens as soon as collected at the first Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November to choose the nation's leaders. Election Day used to be an afternoon of civic engagement whilst pals met on the polls after which solid their ballots. some time past twenty-five years, even though, the USA has passed through a revolution in balloting not like something it has skilled within the first two hundred years of its heritage. now we have created a approach of many mini-election-days prime as much as the most event.

Today approximately 1 / 4 of usa citizens vote sooner than Election Day, both by way of absentee poll or at early vote casting locations. In 1980, just one in twenty electorate voted ahead of Election Day. What has occurred? Has the benefit of absentee or early vote casting compromised the integrity of the method and weakened a unifying civic experience?

In Absentee and Early vote casting: traits, grants, and Perils, John Fortier records the dramatic elevate in absentee vote casting and, extra lately, the meteoric upward push in early balloting. He examines the felony and historic purposes for adjustments within the balloting process and the various alterations throughout states. Fortier deals his concepts approximately what the alterations have intended for the rustic and the place we should always cross from right here.

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This increase was concentrated in specific states, with many others not participating in the trend. In fact, the rise of absentee voting was not a coincidence, but was actively pushed by certain states. During the 1980s some states began to loosen their rules about who could vote absentee, with some adopting no-excuses absentee voting. And some began to do away with requirements for notaries and witnesses to the casting of absentee ballots. 20 The evidence of the growth of absentee voting nationally comes from the Census Bureau survey.

Ten states have significant usage of both forms of convenience voting. By definition, this group has at least 15 percent early and absentee voting combined and at least 5 percent of each (see table 2-5). 4 percent early. Six of the ten have more early than absentee balloting and four vice versa. The totals of absentee plus early voting vary greatly among the states. 9 percent of its vote cast away from the traditional polling place, third in the nation behind Oregon and Washington. 1 percent. Florida and Hawaii are in the middle of the group with over 30 percent, and the remaining states have between 15 and 25 percent.

And some began to do away with requirements for notaries and witnesses to the casting of absentee ballots. 20 The evidence of the growth of absentee voting nationally comes from the Census Bureau survey. 5 percent in 1992. State data confirm this trend. 21 From the early 1960s to the late 1970s, California reported a stable 4–5 percent of the vote as absentee in presidential elections. 2 percent in 1980. 2 percent. 22 36 ABSENTEE AND EARLY VOTING Other states did not show a change in their absentee rates in the early 1980s.

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